Untitled Document


With the foundation of our Republic, the appropriate priority was given to the operation and exploration of lignite in our country. The Amasya-eltek, Yozgat-Yerköy, Kütahya-Tunçbilek-Deirimsaz, and Aydn-Nazilli-Girenez quarries were opened in 1927 in this context. These studies are still ongoing. MTA did a comprehensive examination of a 40,000-square-kilometer area between 1939 and 1984, drilling a total of 1,459,000 meters and identifying 117 lignite deposits. These research yielded an estimate of 8.3 billion tonss of lignite reserves. In terms of coal exploration, the years 1984-2004 were a stalemate.

As a result of MTA's intensive coal exploration activities, a total of 3.158.420 meters of drilling have been completed as of the end of 2019; 24 new coal fields have been discovered, five of which have large reserves (Karapnar-Ayranc, Eskişehir-Alpu, Afyon-Dinar, Tekirda-Malkara, Istanbul-Silivri), and three fields have seen their reserves increased. It was increased by 10.82 billion tonss as a consequence of research conducted between 2005 and 2019.

Konya-Karapınar Field 1,832 billion tons
Trakya Çerkezköy Basin 573,6 million tons
Elbistan MTA Field 515 million tons
Eskişehir-Alpu Field 1,453 billion tons
Afyon-Dinar Field 941.5 million tons
Amasya-Merzifon Field 9.2million tons
Malatya-Yazıhan Field 17 million tons
Pınarhisar-Vize Field 140 million tons
Konya-Ilgın Field 30,6 million tons
Tekirdağ-Malkara Field 676,4 tons
Muş-Merkez Field 400 million tons
Denizli-Çivril Field 7,5 million tons
Denizli-Çardak Field 44,2 million tons
Isparta-Şarkikaraağaç Field 306,7 million tons
Tekirdağ-Malkara Field 856,9 million tons
İstanbul-Silivri Field 1,06 billion tons
Kırklareli-Pınarhisar-Vize Field 157,7 million tons
Afyon-Evciler-Dinar Field 82,5 million tons
Ankara-Gölbaşı-Haymana Field 15,3 million tons
Nevşehir-Hacıbektaş Field 3,3 million tons
Amasya-Merzifon Field 15,6 milllion
Aydın-Bozdoğan Field 5,4 million tons
Denizli-Kale Field 12,5 million tons
Çorum-Dodurga Field 4,8 million tons
Afşin-Elbistan EÜAŞ Field 1,3 billion tons
Manisa-Soma TKİ Field 205 million tons
Beypazarı-Çayırhan EÜAŞ Field 153,3 million tons of reserve was found.

Our country's lignite reserves have expanded by 10.82 billion tons in total, with 1.658 billion tons in the EÜA and TK fields and 8.982 billion tons in the MTA fields, bringing total reserves to 19.32 billion tons when combined with private sector reserves (200 million tons). Our country's reserve, which now stands at 8.3 billion tons, has been boosted by 130 percent

Our country holds about 2.1 percent of the world's total coal reserves and is a significant lignite producer. The fact that 79 percent of our lignites have a heating value of less than 2500 kcal/kg has emphasized their usage in thermal power plants. Thermal power plants absorb 85 percent of the approximately 70,000,000 tons of production in recent years. Our lignite-based thermal power plants have an installed capacity of 8.515 MW, accounting for 23.6 percent of our total installed capacity. It appears that we may grow our installed capacity by 20,000 MW by quickly commissioning our lignite fields, which have been determined to have reserves where thermal power plants can be built, and by adding additional units to the existing ones.

Türkiye'nin Önemli Linyit Havzaları ve Sahaları

Afşin- Elbistan 4.642.340.000
Afşin — Elbistan (MTA) 515.000.000
Manisa-Soma 861.450.000
Adana-Tufanbeyli 429.549.000
Adıyaman-Gölbaşı 57.142.000
Bingöl — Karlıova 88.884.000
Ankara-Beypazarı 498.000.000
Afyon-Dinar-Dombayova 941.500.000
Bolu — Mengen 142.757.000
Muğla — Milas 750.214.000
Çankırı-Orta 123.165.000
Çanakkale — Çan 92.483.000
Kütahya-Tunçbilek 317.732.000
Kütahya-Seyitömer 198.666.000
Sivas — Kangal 202.607.000
Kütahya-Gediz 23.945.000
Tekirdağ-Çerkezköy 573.600.000
Tekirdağ-Malkara 1.533.300.000
Tekirdağ — Saray 141.175.000
Amasya-Yeniçeltek 19.791.000
Yozgat — Sorgun 13.206.000
Bolu — Göynük 43.454.000
Çorum-Dodurga 38.500.000
Konya-Karapınar 1.832.000.000
Konya(Beyşehir-Seydişehir) 348.000.000
Bolu (salıp.-Merkez) 98.000.000
İstanbul (Silivri)
Eskişehir (Alpu) 1.453.000.000
Eskişehir(Koyunağılı) 57.430.000
Muş-Merkez 400.000.000
Edirne 90.000.000
Bursa (Keleş — Orhaneli) 85.000.000
Balıkesir 34.000.000
Ankara (Gölbaşı) 48.000.000
Diğerleri 1.526.110.000
TOPLAM 19.320.000.000

Önemli Kömür Sahaları ve Potansiyel Kullanım Alanları


Bituminous shale is an organic rock that is defined as a fine-grained, typically laminated sadimentary rock that is insoluble in organic solvents and includes organic substances known as "kerogen." Bituminous shale research in our country began with the founding of the MTA Institute, and in the early years, research was focused on obtaining synthetic oil, as it is in the rest of the globe.

To that effect, surveys were carried out at Beypazarı (Ankara), Seyitömer (Kütahya), Hatıldağ (Bolu), Himmetoğlu (Bolu), Mengen (Bolu), Ulukışla (Niğde), Bahçecik (Kocaeli), Burhaniye (Balıkesir), Beydili (Ankara), Dodurga (Çorum), Surveys were carried out in Çeltek (Amasya), Boyalı (Kastamonu), Demirci (Manisa), Ilısılık (Çankırı) Aspiras (Kastamonu) fields. As a result of these investigations, our country now has 1.6 billion tons of bituminous shale reserves.



Asphaltite is a natural asphalt-like material with a high softening point that is derived from petroleum. Oil migration is caused by the settlement of asphaltite materials; it is influenced by factors such as hydrostatic pressure, gas pressure, capillarity, gravity, and temperature, and as a result, moving liquid, semi-liquid asphalt can ascend to the surface by following fractures and fissures. Asphaltite, which occurs naturally in a variety of forms, is found in the rnak region of our country as fault and crack fillers.

Asphaltites, paint, varnish, tires, electrical insulation, battery guards, expanded rubber, floor tiles, waterproof cables, and other similar materials are all detected with it.

Our General Directorate resumed asphaltite exploration activities in the Şırnak region in 2019, and the surveys continue