COAL EXPLORATION RESEARCH
With the foundation of our Republic, the appropriate priority was given to the operation and exploration of lignite in our country. The Amasya-eltek, Yozgat-Yerköy, Kütahya-Tunçbilek-Deirimsaz, and Aydn-Nazilli-Girenez quarries were opened in 1927 in this context. These studies are still ongoing. MTA did a comprehensive examination of a 40,000-square-kilometer area between 1939 and 1984, drilling a total of 1,459,000 meters and identifying 117 lignite deposits. These research yielded an estimate of 8.3 billion tonss of lignite reserves. In terms of coal exploration, the years 1984-2004 were a stalemate.
As a result of MTA's intensive coal exploration activities, a total of 3.158.420 meters of drilling have been completed as of the end of 2019; 24 new coal fields have been discovered, five of which have large reserves (Karapnar-Ayranc, Eskişehir-Alpu, Afyon-Dinar, Tekirda-Malkara, Istanbul-Silivri), and three fields have seen their reserves increased. It was increased by 10.82 billion tonss as a consequence of research conducted between 2005 and 2019.
|Konya-Karapınar Field||1,832 billion tons|
|Trakya Çerkezköy Basin||573,6 million tons|
|Elbistan MTA Field||515 million tons|
|Eskişehir-Alpu Field||1,453 billion tons|
|Afyon-Dinar Field||941.5 million tons|
|Amasya-Merzifon Field||9.2million tons|
|Malatya-Yazıhan Field||17 million tons|
|Pınarhisar-Vize Field||140 million tons|
|Konya-Ilgın Field||30,6 million tons|
|Tekirdağ-Malkara Field||676,4 tons|
|Muş-Merkez Field||400 million tons|
|Denizli-Çivril Field||7,5 million tons|
|Denizli-Çardak Field||44,2 million tons|
|Isparta-Şarkikaraağaç Field||306,7 million tons|
|Tekirdağ-Malkara Field||856,9 million tons|
|İstanbul-Silivri Field||1,06 billion tons|
|Kırklareli-Pınarhisar-Vize Field||157,7 million tons|
|Afyon-Evciler-Dinar Field||82,5 million tons|
|Ankara-Gölbaşı-Haymana Field||15,3 million tons|
|Nevşehir-Hacıbektaş Field||3,3 million tons|
|Amasya-Merzifon Field||15,6 milllion|
|Aydın-Bozdoğan Field||5,4 million tons|
|Denizli-Kale Field||12,5 million tons|
|Çorum-Dodurga Field||4,8 million tons|
|Afşin-Elbistan EÜAŞ Field||1,3 billion tons|
|Manisa-Soma TKİ Field||205 million tons|
|Beypazarı-Çayırhan EÜAŞ Field||153,3 million tons of reserve was found.|
Our country's lignite reserves have expanded by 10.82 billion tons in total, with 1.658 billion tons in the EÜA and TK fields and 8.982 billion tons in the MTA fields, bringing total reserves to 19.32 billion tons when combined with private sector reserves (200 million tons). Our country's reserve, which now stands at 8.3 billion tons, has been boosted by 130 percent
Our country holds about 2.1 percent of the world's total coal reserves and is a significant lignite producer. The fact that 79 percent of our lignites have a heating value of less than 2500 kcal/kg has emphasized their usage in thermal power plants. Thermal power plants absorb 85 percent of the approximately 70,000,000 tons of production in recent years. Our lignite-based thermal power plants have an installed capacity of 8.515 MW, accounting for 23.6 percent of our total installed capacity. It appears that we may grow our installed capacity by 20,000 MW by quickly commissioning our lignite fields, which have been determined to have reserves where thermal power plants can be built, and by adding additional units to the existing ones.
Türkiye'nin Önemli Linyit Havzaları ve Sahaları
|KÖMÜR SAHALARI||TOPLAM REZERV (ton)|
|Afşin — Elbistan (MTA)||515.000.000|
|Bingöl — Karlıova||88.884.000|
|Bolu — Mengen||142.757.000|
|Muğla — Milas||750.214.000|
|Çanakkale — Çan||92.483.000|
|Sivas — Kangal||202.607.000|
|Tekirdağ — Saray||141.175.000|
|Yozgat — Sorgun||13.206.000|
|Bolu — Göynük||43.454.000|
|Bursa (Keleş — Orhaneli)||85.000.000|
Önemli Kömür Sahaları ve Potansiyel Kullanım Alanları
BITUMINOUS SHALE EXPLORATIONS
Bituminous shale is an organic rock that is defined as a fine-grained, typically laminated sadimentary rock that is insoluble in organic solvents and includes organic substances known as "kerogen." Bituminous shale research in our country began with the founding of the MTA Institute, and in the early years, research was focused on obtaining synthetic oil, as it is in the rest of the globe.
To that effect, surveys were carried out at Beypazarı (Ankara), Seyitömer (Kütahya), Hatıldağ (Bolu), Himmetoğlu (Bolu), Mengen (Bolu), Ulukışla (Niğde), Bahçecik (Kocaeli), Burhaniye (Balıkesir), Beydili (Ankara), Dodurga (Çorum), Surveys were carried out in Çeltek (Amasya), Boyalı (Kastamonu), Demirci (Manisa), Ilısılık (Çankırı) Aspiras (Kastamonu) fields. As a result of these investigations, our country now has 1.6 billion tons of bituminous shale reserves.
Asphaltite is a natural asphalt-like material with a high softening point that is derived from petroleum. Oil migration is caused by the settlement of asphaltite materials; it is influenced by factors such as hydrostatic pressure, gas pressure, capillarity, gravity, and temperature, and as a result, moving liquid, semi-liquid asphalt can ascend to the surface by following fractures and fissures. Asphaltite, which occurs naturally in a variety of forms, is found in the rnak region of our country as fault and crack fillers.
Asphaltites, paint, varnish, tires, electrical insulation, battery guards, expanded rubber, floor tiles, waterproof cables, and other similar materials are all detected with it.
Our General Directorate resumed asphaltite exploration activities in the Şırnak region in 2019, and the surveys continue