Scientific data is produced for the realistic prediction of possible climatic conditions in the future, taking into account the Global Climate Change problem that occurred after the Industrial Revolution, and the causes and consequences of climate changes in the recent geological past are scientifically researched.
Multidisciplinary studies are carried out with the cooperation established between the disciplines of hydrogeology, paleontology, dendroclimatology, palynology, paleolimnology, sedimentology, scleurochronology, archeology, and biology in research on paleoclimate and current climate change, in addition to the perspective of geology in research on paleoclimate and current climate change.
Geoclimatic research is open to forming partnerships in projects that will be carried out on a national and worldwide scale, and studies are being conducted to build institutional capacity.
CLIMATE AND ENVIRONMENT
Climate is defined as the average of atmospheric occurrences over a broad area over a long period of time (at least 30 years). From an evolutionary standpoint, the climate has altered over time and has not stayed consistent since the Earth's inception. Natural internal processes and natural external forcing factors, as well as continual anthropogenic (human-induced) changes in the composition of the atmosphere or land use, may all contribute to these changes.
Plate movements in the lithosphere, solar activity, and changes in the astronomical interactions between the earth and the sun are examples of natural external pushing factors. Internal processes, on the other hand, emerge from the climate system itself, and the composition of the atmosphere includes substantial natural or man-made changes in the earth's surface features. Changes in the Earth's climate system from the past to the present have occurred over durations ranging from tens to millions of years, according to scientific research.
WHAT DOES PALEOCLIMA MEAN?
The fact that changes in the Earth's climate system occur over periods ranging from tens to millions of years, and the composition of the atmosphere that develops directly in the climate system, as well as natural or human-induced significant changes in the earth's surface properties, have allowed geology and climate sciences to be integrated. Paleoclimate science has begun to set the agenda in this setting.
Paleoclimate is a branch of study that investigates climatic changes throughout the course of geological epochs spanning the whole history of the planet. Paleoclimate studies can provide scientific knowledge on the climatic conditions of the time period under study, based on geological history records from eras when instrumental measurements were not possible.
Tree rings, cores taken from glaciers and lake and ocean floor sediments, corals, fossils of terrestrial and marine life forms, pollen, cave deposits, paleothoraces, loess, and various geomorphic structures are all sources of paleoclimate data.
Precipitation, humidity, air and water chemistry, biological data, volcanic events, geomagnetic field, sea level, solar activities, and other factors will be revealed as a result of the scientific research conducted for these constructions. It is possible to determine parameters.
PALEOCLIMA AND CURRENT CLIMATE CHANGE
The natural greenhouse structure of the atmosphere has worsened since the Industrial Revolution as a result of increased use of fossil fuels, changes in land use, urbanization, deforestation, and industrial activities. After the Industrial Revolution, changes in the climate across geological ages went beyond natural processes and began to significantly impact daily living. Climate change, which leads to global warming, is the name given to this change today.
Climate change reshapes coastal areas as sea levels rise, limits agricultural areas and water resources owing to severe temperatures, causes drought, hurricanes, glacier melting, heavy rains, floods, and floods, and causes drought, hurricanes, and hurricanes. In different parts of the world, these negative emotions present themselves in different ways.
In this context, obtaining data on previous climate change (paleoclimate) events, shedding light on these events, and making future projections by linking them with present climate change events and their impacts is critical.